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In March 1778, Cook landed on Bligh Island and named the inlet "King George's Sound".
He recorded that the native name was Nutka or Nootka, apparently misunderstanding his conversations at Friendly Cove/Yuquot; his informant may have been explaining that he was on an island (itchme nutka, a place you can "go around").
There may also have been confusion with Nuu-chah-nulth, the natives' autonym (name for themselves).
It may also have simply been based on Cook's mispronunciation of Yuquot, the native name of the place.
The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.
Most settlers in every colony were small farmers, but other industries developed within a few decades as varied as the settlements. Extraction industries grew up in furs, fishing and lumber.Manufacturers produced rum and ships, and by the late colonial period Americans were producing one-seventh of the world's iron supply.Cities eventually dotted the coast to support local economies and serve as trade hubs.During the Seven Years' War (in the United States, known as the French and Indian War), British forces seized Canada from the French, but the francophone population remained politically isolated from the southern colonies.
Excluding the Native Americans, who were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a population of over 2.1 million in 1770, about one-third that of Britain.After Spain sent Columbus on his first voyage to the New World in 1492, other explorers followed.